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Benefits of Genetic Testing The human body is very intricate. The human body is made up of millions of cells that contain the fundamental unit of humans’ identity called deoxyribonucleic acid or alternatively referred to as DNA. DNA is made up of genes which determine the majority of our bodies’ special qualities. In addition, genes are a major determinant of a person’s health. In the modern medical world, genetic research plays an important role. These tests are carried out on tissue samples or the blood of the subject. There are a lot of reasons why genetic testing is now crucial. Below are some of these reasons. Probably the most frequent use of DNA testing is when conducting paternity tests. For various reasons a person may not be sure whether a child is theirs or not or one may want to know whether the identity of their parent. The DNA structure of parents usually has some similarities with that of their kids. That is why most kids resemble their parents’ features. A DNA test performed on both the parent and the child can help confirm beyond reasonable doubt whether the child is the son or daughter of the parent. Genetic testing can help people find their long lost relatives. It is also used in legal battles for instance in child support suits. Another benefit of DNA testing is that it can help discover ailments which a person may be suffering from or at risk of suffering from. Many conditions and disorders have their origins in our genes. Some diseases are also passed down through generations from parents to their kids using genes. A change in a person’s genes may also cause development of a disease. Genetic tests helps detect anomalies inside the persons genes which will help prevent, detect and treat diseases.
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Physicians also use genetic testing when conducting tests on newborn and unborn babies. Even though there is a lot of controversy surrounding prenatal genetic tests, many doctors can agree it can go a long way in detecting and preventing many illnesses infants are likely to face. Early detection helps start treatment as soon as the baby is born. Newborn screening also helps doctors identify health problems that are likely to be influenced by genetics and also assess the risk of a particular illness in the child.
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Finally, genetic testing comes in handy when attorneys and detectives are collecting and presenting evidence in court. DNA tests are conducted on evidence like blood and hair strands found in crime scenes to determine the person who was involved. This has helped solve a lot of crimes by proving a suspect was at the crime scene. DNA tests have also been used to free people who were convicted for crimes they did not commit.